Findings regarding the Aryans and their origins are discussed here in this enlightening 1879 presentation by Henri Martin to the Anthropology Society of Paris. Martin points out that the original Aryans were likely brunet brachycephalics, but later on blond dolichocephalics near the Caspian intermixed with them; it was these Aryans or Aryan-like dolichocephalics who then moved into Old Europe and North Africa, subjugating the local brunet populations. Various Anthropology Society members add their insights following Martin's talk; most notably, Charles de Ujfalvy provides evidence that the Aryans inhabited central Asia in the distant past and also disputes the contention that the German constitutes the most pure representation in Europe of the ancient Aryan race.
September 19, 2011
This is an extremely important work, both from a scientific and historical point of view, as it shows that the late 19th Century French anthropologists possessed a fairly accurate understanding of the Aryans and their origins. At the same time we also see in this work that German anthropologists were already, even in 1879, fixated on the idea that the purest Aryan is the German. This "master race" idea ended up forming a central part of the ideology of the National Socialists under Hitler, and significantly affected the lead up to and course of World War II. Therefore in reading this work one comes to the surprising realization that World War II, which began in 1939, may have had as it origin a fundamental disagreement occurring 60 years earlier between French and German anthropologists!
-- Professor Gerald Kuhn